Moscow Travel Guide

You can plan your trip to Moscow in the best way using our Travel guide.

It is very difficult to express briefly what Moscow means. This city is very diverse and complex. It is at the same time:

• The Capital, main city of Russian Federation.

• Many factories and plants, train stations and airports, shops and hotels.

• The city where anyone can have his own business.

• Hundreds of universities, scientific organizations schools and colleges.

• Remarkable museums and exhibitions, theatres and concert halls.

• The most rare historic and architectural memorials, monuments and remarkable places.

• Original squares and avenues, streets and embankments, parks and public gardens, boulevards and alleys.

• The richest Chronicle of the revolution history, science, technology, architecture, literature, painting and music.

• Millions of hard-working, vigorous, hospitable and welcoming.

We will introduce to you the city, where they live and work, the city they love, create, rebuild and decorate making it look the way they want it to be for them and their children, the city where you, dear guest, leave a piece of your heart after every visit.

Moscow is majestic capital of Russian Federation; moreover, it is the largest city of Russia and Europe in terms of the population. Moscow is a big economical, political, scientific, cultural and touristic center. Every day millions of people from different countries visit Moscow. Many of them come here for business, for work or study, and some of them - tourists- to make a trip through famous cite streets and have a look at local places of interest. Moscow is a great place for a holiday; there are many restaurants, night and billiards clubs, discos, shops and shopping malls.

There are many districts in the city, some of them are central ones, and some are rather far from center. You can find a place for living in the district where you would like to see many places. You can stay somewhere far from center to safe money, but in this case it is better to choose a place near subway station.

The distinctive feature of Moscow is radial and ring layout, formed at the end of 16 century as well as the landscape with hilly terrain and steep bends of the Moscow River. Kremlin, Arbat, Novodevichy monastery, Poklonnaya hill, Red square - there are many unique historical and architectural monuments in Moscow. Three main places of interest in the capital of Russia are: Kremlin, Red Square, and Arbat. These are three constituents which are essential for any tourist program.

Kremlin occupies a significant territory, where churches, cathedrals, palaces and tower are located. If you have a tour of the Moscow Kremlin, you will have a chance to have a look at the cathedrals, visit Armory Museum, and climb the Bell Tower.

Red Square is a heart not only of Moscow, but of the whole country. It was formed in XV century after the great fire 1493 and the decree of Ivan III on prohibition of building any constructions near Kremlin walls. Initially the square was named Pozhar (which means Fire), then Troitskaya (which means "In honor of Saint Trinity). The square became the main political and trade center of Moscow in XVI-XVII centuries. In XVII century the square gained generally the same appearance as today it was named Red Square, which meant "Beautiful".

Arbat is not simply a street in the center of Moscow. Arbat is sort of social and cultural community. With the turn of XVIII and XIX centuries there were by the most part manor houses of noble citizens and in the second half of XIX Moscow intellectual settled here. Arbat is still one of the favorite places for those who lived and live here or comes here to walk around old Arbat and the small lanes. Again and again eyes of artists, poets and writers will be turned to this wonderful street and not one generation of Moscow citizens will walk by this street with her charming name - Arbat.

Muscovites with love call their capital "Moscow golden-domed" This name perfectly suits the city, where majestic cathedrals and churches were built for centuries. Many of the churches of the capital are so unique that specialists distinguish a special style, which was named "Moscow church architecture", which by large part determined the development of church building in Russia. The most well-known churches of Moscow are St. Basil Cathedral and rebuilded cathedral of Christ the Savior.

Those guests who love walking around cities and shopping should visit GUM. It is a sort of a whole trading quarter; there are a lot of restaurants, banks, flower shops and billiard clubs of Moscow at the territory of it. GUM is located in the historic center of Moscow at the Manezh square.

There are many theaters, museums, exhibitions, historical monuments in the city which definitely worth spending time visiting them. Some of the museums are world-wide known: the Tretyakov gallery, where the richest collection of Russian fine art is located, State historical museum, museum of fine arts named after A. Pushkin and many others.

Walking routes in the center of the city:

Moscow is definitely a big city, but the center of it is possible to walk around by foot. And it is definitely the best way to explore the city. The capital has kept the structure of traditional Russian town - there is a fortress in the center and the streets start from it like rays and circles. Therefore, you can start all the walks around the center from Kremlin. Here are several routes:

Kremlin - «Smolenskaya" subway station

The route from Kremlin to "Smolenskaya" subway station is about 3 km long. You should leave subway at the "Teatralnaya" or "Okhotnyi ryad" stations and walk by Mokhovaya Street towards Lenin library. At the right-hand side there will be "National" hotel (bld. №15), built by an architect Alexander Ivanov. There is an interesting mosaic at the top of the building. Further at the Mokhovaya street at the right-hand side there will be two old buildings of Moscow university (houses №№11 and 9), at the left-hand side - central exhibitions hall "Manezh" (building №1). When you reach subway station "Biblioteka im. Lenina", you should turn to the right to Vozdvozhenka Street. Several minutes later you will reach the subway station "Arbatskaya". At the right-hand side just in front of the "Arbatskaya subway station there will be detached house of Arseniy Morozov in mavritan style (bulding №16). It is one of the oldest buildings of Mosvow, built at the end of XIX century. According to the legend, when the house was ready Morozov' mother said that before that she was the only person to know that her son has bad taste, but now the Whole Moscow would know this. However tastes change: eventually Muscovites sincerely fell in love with this building and it is impossible to imagine Vozdvizhenka street without it. If you walk several meters further you reach the underground passage. You can reach the other side and the street by using it to turn up at the Arbat square. There is a "Hudozhestvennyi" cinema (building №14) - one of the oldest in Moscow: the electro-theatre was opened in this building as early as in 1909. There is an old subway station "Arbatskaya (there are two "Arbatskaya" and "Smolenskaya" stations - old ones and new ones) behind the "Hudizhestvennyi" It is styled like a mausoleum.

If you go to the underground passage you turn up at the beginning of two Arbat streets - Old one and New one. There is a "Praha" restaurant (house №2 at the Arbat square) at the cornet between them. There is a shop where you can buy culinary products of the most famous restaurant of Moscow in the same building from the Old Arbat side. Further you can walk by Old or New Arbat. Old Arbat is the pedestrian street. There are shops and cafes, souvenir shops. There are famous Arbat lanes at the both sides well know thanks to the songs of Bulat Okudgava (famous Russian singer of 1960th).

There is a theater named after E. Vakhtangov in the house №26, with a statue of Princess Turandot next to it. House №53 is famous because Alexander Pushkin once lived in it. Nowadays there is a poet museum in it. There is a MsDonalds (house №50/52, bld. 1) closer to "Smolenskaya" subway station. Old Arbat finishes at the subway.

You can walk on New Arbat. There are modern buildings on this street (including high buildings in the shape of books). On the first floors of which there are shops and restaurants. On the right-hand side, on the corner of New Arbat and Povarskaya streets, you will see a small but very cozy chapel of Simeon Stolpnik (house №5 on Povarskaya str.) There is a large book store "Moscovskyi dom knigi" (which means "Moscow home of books") in the house №8 on the same side of the street. There is the cinema "October" (house №24) where Moscow International Film Festival takes place in summer closer to "Smolenskaya" subway station. To reach metro you need to turn left when crossing Sadovoe ring (there is an underground passage) several dozens meters further you will reach "Smolenskaya" subway station.

Kremlin - Cathedral of Christ the Savior.

The route from Kremlin to Cathedral of Christ the Savior is about 2 km long. This route is a practically direct way. You can walk along Kremlin in Alexandrovsky garden or by Mokhovaya street. Respectively the building of central exhibitions hall "Manezh" (house №1 on Mokhovaya str.) you will walk around one or another side. If you walk by Mokhovaya street you will see old buildings of Moscow University on the right (houses №№11 and 9). If you walk in Alexandrovsky garden then to the left there is a Kremlin wall and to the right - "Manezh".

You will have to walk to the Lenin library (house №5) by the underground passage. Leaving the passage you will see the monument for Dostoevsky next to the library. Walking further by the street you will reach Pashkov house one of the most beautiful buildings in the city center, which was built by Vasily Bazhenov in 1789. The long-term restoration of it has recently finished. There is Borovitskaya square and intersection with Znamenka Street, at the corner of which there is a gallery of A.Shilov (house №5 on Znamenka). Mokhovaya Street turns into Volkhonka Street. Walking by Volkhonka you will reach Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (house №15) next to it there is a subway entrance ("Kropotkinskaya" station). To the right there will be the art museum named after A.Pushkin (house №12) and right in front of it - I. Glazunov gallery (house №13). You will be able to reach center-museum of N. Rerikh (house №3/5) if you turn right after the art museum and before the Cathedral to Malyi Znamenskiy lane.

You can pass forward from the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and have a walk around Ostozhenka and Prechistenka Street and the nearby lanes. Otherwise you can turn to the right and reach Arbat walking by Gogolevskyi Boulevard.

Kremlin-Pushkinskaya square

The way from Kremlin to Pushkinskaya square is about 1 km long. You should go from Kremlin to Tverskaya Street and walk by it until you reach Pushkinskaya square. Tverskaya is a central street of Moscow with numerous historical buildings. First you will see Drama Theater named after M. Ermolova (house №5) on the left-hand side and then the Central Telegraph Building (house №7) constructed in 1920th. If you turn left after house №9 on Tverskaya Street, you will find yourself in Bryusov lane, where there is a museum-flat of V. Meyerhold (Bryusov lane, house №12).

If you continue waking by the street, somewhere in the middle between the stations "Teatralnaya" and "Tverskaya" you will see Tverskaya square and the monument of Yury Dolgoruky at the right. The city hall building (hose №13) is right in front of it.

Further there are interesting houses on the right-hand side. There is one of the main book stores of the city "Moskva" in the house №8. In the next house there is "Philippovskaya" bakery (house №10) Philippov family owned a famous chain of bakeries and a shop with it before the revolution. The bakery was revived at its historical place after soviet times. There is a central grocery shop "Eliseevskyi" in hose №14.

After that you enter Pushkinskaya square, where there is a monument to the poet, made according to the project by M. Opekushina in 1880. At the right-hand side there is a "Pushkinsyi" cinme, on the left -Tverskoy Boulevard. There are three subway stations at the Pushkinskaya square - "Tverskaya", "Pushkinskaya" and "Chekhovskaya". You can go to the subway or continue the walk. If you go further by Tverskaya Street you will reach "Mayakovskaya" subway station. If you turn to the right, you can have a walk on Strastnoy Boulevard, the Petrovskyi Boulevard and appear at Trubnaya square. If you turn to the left then by Tverskoy and Nikitskiy Boulevard you can reach "Arbatskaya" subway station.

Kremlin - subway station "Chistye prudi".

The walk from Kremlin to subway station" is about 2 km long. A good walking route lies in the north-eastern direction from Kremlin. You should leave Kremlin to Manezhnaya square and pass between "Moscow" hotel (house №2 at Okhotny Ryad Street) and red Russian-style wards (usually there are souvenir shops in this passage) and then turn left. You appear at the Revolution square. There is a monument for Karl Marx made by the sculptor L. Kerbel. Except for this monument there is nothing remarkable at this square but if you pass it by and cross Teatralny passage, you will see Teatralnaya square where there is the Bolshoy theatre. In summer there are fountains before it and in winter there is usually a Christmas tree. Bolshoy Theater is now closed for the long-term reconstruction. If you turn right then walking by Teatralnyi passage you reach Lubyanskaya square (previously it was called Dzerginsky square). The famous Moscow shop "Detsky mir" is located here (house №5 on Teatralnyi passage). Now it is also being renovated.

After "Detsky mir" pass the intersection of the streets Pushechnaya and Bolshaya Lubyanka. You will reach house №2. In Soviet times this building was a symbol of repressions: VCHK, NKVD, GPU and KGB were based here, now FSB of Russian is located in this building. This building was constructed in 1898 and shops and flats were located here. It was transferred to state security services in 1919. The renovation based on the project of A.Shusev was made in 1930.

If you pass it by and then cross the Myasnitskaya Street by the underground passage you will appear at the V. Mayakovsky museum (Lubyanskyi passage 3/6). One of the main book stores of Moscow - "Biblio-Globus" is located in the same building.

Continue walking along Myasnitskaya Street you will find yourself surrounded by old Moscow houses. First floors of them are now occupied by shops and cafes. There is cafe "Mumu" with traditional and not expensive Russian food (house №14/2) at the right hand side on the corner of Myasnitskaya Street and Krivokolennyi lane. After that you will reach Bankovsky lane (it will also be on the right). If you walk by it there will be cafe-club "Bilingua" right in front of you (Krivokolennti lane, house №10, building 5). "Bilingua" is not just a cafe. There is also a bookshop and a shop with designer products, lectures and poetic evenings take place.

If you walk further by Myasnitskaya Street, there will be an interesting china-style building on the left. This is "Chai-Kofe on Myasnitskaya" shop (tea and coffee shop) (house №19) - one of several buildings, which was opened before revolution and was not closed even in soviet time. It is called "Chayniy domik" (small tea house). This is the main tea shop of Moscow. On the other side of the street there is Glavpochtampt (house №26) (the main post office).

Myasnitskaya Street will lead you to the square Mysnitskie vorota where there is the building of subway stations "Chistie prudi" and "Turgenevskaya". If you turn to the right you will find yourself on Chistoprudny Boulevard (in the begginning of it there is a monument to A. Griboedov, established in 1959), if you turn to the left, there will be Sretensky Boulevard.

Parks and gardens:

There are many parks in Moscow, many cities of the World will be jealous about their number. There are small and cozy green corners, culture and leisure parks with many services and attractions and huge forests which are uneasy even to walk around.

Vorobyovy Gory is at the same time the highest point of Moscow and a remarkable nature complex. It is situated at the height of 220m above sea level on the right bank of Moscow ricer from where there is a picturesque view on the capital. You can make a remarkable boat trip on Moscow River from Vorobyovy Gory or have fun riding a cable car.

Park Gorkogo changes every day, old attractions have been removed, it is allowed to lay on the grass, there is Wi-Fi access, the territory is improved and new people appear here. There are popular cafes and restaurants at the territory. There are free ping-pong tables next to the central fountain and in the middle of the park there is a perfect skate-park.

Sokolniki Park is one of the best parks in Moscow and Russia, unique complex of park and national culture, a real monument to garden and park art. The layout of the park is perfectly suitable for walks. There is a cafe, a library, interest clubs - club of dog lovers, chess and draughts clubs, dancing club, singing club, collectors club, museum of modern calligraphy as well as Museum of world packaging history at the territory of the park. 5D cinema, Attractions Park, mini-zoo, House of children art is open for children in the park. You can enjoy rose gardens - the big and the small ones and lilac garden in Sokolniki. The fitness complex works here. The rink works in the park in winter.

Chistie prudi is a square along Chistoprudny Boulevard, one of the favorite places for meetings and walks of Moscow citizens and city guests. The fountain with quaint sculptures not far from the pond works in the summer. Ice-cream and cold drinks are sold here as well.

"Ermitazh" garden is one of the favorite and most popular recreation places in Moscow. The center of the capital is a real oasis with flower beds, pavilions, benches and monuments. The vanity of the city as though does not exist for those who entered its gates. There are exhibitions and festivals, Christmas fairs and festive New Year programs at the territory of the park.

Moscow night clubs:

You can not only view places of interest all day long but also relax in the clubs till morning. We will tell you about most popular places.

Almost 2 thousand people can party in Zhara club, the music there is hip-hop and r'n'b by most part.

Gipsy is a terrace which operates all year round (in winter there are specially equipped tents). Gipsy is one of the most diverse clubs of Moscow concerning music.

Pacha Moscow is one of those few clubs which can satisfy most fastidious tastes. It's interior is stylized as art-pop of the 60th.

B2 is one of the largest night rock-clubs in Moscow and one of the biggest clubs in Europe. Most likely that it is one of the largest entertainment centers of the capital: there are 5 floors, which include modern concert stage, 7 bars, disco-bar, sports-bar, cinema-cafe, billiard, etc.

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